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Association between Pulse Pressure and Impaired Pulmonary Function in Non-Smoking Adults
Korean J Clin Lab Sci 2020;52:119-127  
Published on June 30, 2020
Copyright © 2020 Korean Society for Clinical Laboratory Science.

Hyun Yoon

Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Wonkwang Health Science University, Iksan, Korea
Correspondence to: Hyun Yoon
Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Wonkwang Health Science University, 514 Iksan-daero, Iksan 54538, Korea
E-mail: yh9074@yahoo.co.kr
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4741-9664
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
According to previous studies, an impaired pulmonary function is associated with arterial stiffness (AS). The pulse pressure (PP) is an important predictor of AS, but the association of an impaired pulmonary function with the PP is unclear. Therefore, this study assessed the associations between the PP and the predicted forced vital capacity (predicted FVC) and predicted forced expiratory volume in one second (predicted FEV1) in Korean non-smoking adults. The data obtained from 6,857 adults during the 2013∼2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. After adjusting for the related variables, the ORs of restrictive pulmonary disease (RPD, the predicted FVC<80.0% with FEV1/FVC≥70.0%) using the normal PP group (PP≤60 mmHg) as a reference group was significant for the high PP group (PP>60 mmHg; 1.337 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.049∼1.703]). In addition, the ORs of obstructive pulmonary disease (OPD, FEV1/FVC<70.0%) using the normal PP group as a reference group were significant for the high PP group (1.339 [95% CI, 1.093∼1.642]). In conclusion, a high PP is positively associated with both RPD and OPD in Korean non-smoking adults.
Keywords : Non-smoker, Obstructive pulmonary diseases, Pulse pressure, Restrictive pulmonary diseases

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