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A Study on the Protective Effect of Antioxidants on Damage Induced by Liver Ischemia/Repefusion in a Rat Model
Korean J Clin Lab Sci 2019;51:370-378  
Published on September 30, 2019
Copyright © 2019 Korean Society for Clinical Laboratory Science.

Yong Ho Ahn1, Pu Reum Seok2, Su Jin Oh2, Jin Woo Choi2, Jae-Ho Shin2

1Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Dongnam Health University, Suwon, Korea
2Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Eulji University, Sungnam, Korea
Correspondence to: * Jae-Ho Shin
Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Eulji University, 553 Sanseong-daero, Sujeong-gu, Sungnam 13135, Korea
E-mail: shinjh@eulji.ac.kr
* ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2141-1090
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
The hepatic ischemic model has recently been widely used for the epidemiological study of ischemic reperfusion injury. This study was carried out to investigate the protective effect of vanillin, which is known to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, against hepatic and renal injury using an ischemia-reperfusion rat model, and we also investigated the mechanism related to vanillins' protective effect. The test material was administered at a concentration of 100 mg/kg for 3 days, followed by ligation of the liver for 60 minutes to induce ischemia reperfusion. As control groups, there was a negative control, sham control and ischemia-reperfusion-only ischemia reperfusion control, and the controls groups were compared with the drug administration group. In the vanillin group, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities were significantly inhibited compared with the AST and ALT activities of the ischemia-reperfusion group, and histopathological examination showed significant reduction of both inflammation and necrosis. The malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels were significantly different from the ischemia-reperfusion group. In conclusion, vanillin showed a hepatocyte protective action by alleviating the cellular inflammation and cell necrosis caused by hepatic ischemia-reperfusion, and vanillin mitigated inflammatory changes in the kidney glomeruli and distal tubules. The protective effect is considered to be caused by vanillin's antioxidant function. Further studies such as on cell death and possibly vanillin's same effect on damaged tissue will be necessary for clinical applications such as organ transplantation.
Keywords : Ischemia-reperfusion, Liver, Kidney, Rat, Vanillin

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