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Density and Distribution of the Mosquito Population Inhabiting Jeju Region, 2018
Korean J Clin Lab Sci 2019;51:336-343  
Published on September 30, 2019
Copyright © 2019 Korean Society for Clinical Laboratory Science.

Min Young Seo, Kyoung A Chung

Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Gwangju Health Science University, Gwangju, Korea
Correspondence to: * Kyoung A Chung
Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Gwangju Health Science University, Bungmun-daero, Gwangsan-gu, Gwangju 62287, Korea
E-mail: kachung@ghu.ac.kr
* ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6435-7090
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
In order to investigate the density of seasonal incidence of mosquitoes, a vector of infectious diseases in Jeju region, this study collected mosquitoes using a Black light trap (BL) and Biogents' Sentinel 2 Mosquito Trap (BG), dividing the region into cattle sheds, habitats for migratory birds, and the downtown area, twice a month for 9 months from March through November 2018. Then, this study conducted identification and classification and checked for the presence of Flavivirus using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). As for the mosquito population, 1,847 mosquitoes (six genera, 12 species) were collected. The places where most mosquitoes were collected were copses near craft workshops in habitats for migratory birds and Jungang-dong in the Seogwipo downtown area. For the population, Culex pipiens pallens was the dominant species (76.9%), followed by Aedes albopictus (8.9%). Most of the population was collected in June, followed by August and October. This study conducted a RT-PCR test with 1,847 collected mosquitoes, which were divided into 50 pools if they had Flavivirus. All turned out to be negative. However, the results of the investigation show the presence of Culex tritaineniorhychus, Aedes albopictus, and Anopheles sinensis and can be used as a basis for the comprehensive prevention management of mosquitoes.
Keywords : Flavivirus, Jeju region, Mosquitoes

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