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Frequencies and Distributions of Unexpected Antibodies at a General Hospital in the Daejeon of Korea
Korean J Clin Lab Sci 2018;50:354-358  
Published on September 30, 2018
Copyright © 2018 Korean Society for Clinical Laboratory Science.

Jae-Jung Kim

Department of Laboratory Medicine, St. Mary’s Hospital, Daejeon Catholic University, Daejeon, Korea
Correspondence to: Jae-Jung Kim
Department of Laboratory Medicine, St. Mary’s Hospital, Daejeon Catholic University, 64 Daeheung-ro, Jung-gu, Daejeon 34943, Korea
Tel: 82-42-220-9615
Fax: 82-42-220-9915
E-mail: leokj2@hanmail.net
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
When preparing for a blood transfusion, the presence and types of unexpected antibodies should be identified through screening tests. Using the DiaMed-ID system, antibody identification among unexpected antibody screening tests performed at a university hospital in Daejeon area for two years from January 2016 to December 2017 were limited to 55 patients and were predominantly women. A total of 36 patients (65.5%) belonged to the Rh group, 7 (12.7%) patients to the Lewis group, 4 (7.3%) patients to the Kidd and Duffy groups, 3 patients (5.5%) to the MNS group, and 1 (1.8%) to the Rh+Kidd combined group. In the Rh group, 19 (34.5%) patients had Anti-E single antibody, 5 (9.1%) patients had Anti-D single antibody, 4 (7.3%) patients had Anti-E/-c, 4 (7.3%) patients had Anti-C/-e, and 1 (1.8%) patient had Anti-E/-c/-Jkb. In the Lewis group, three (5.5%) patients had both Anti-Lea and Anti-Leb. In the Kidd group, one (1.8%) patient had Anti-Jka and three (5.5%) patients had Anti-Jkb. In the Duffy and MNS groups, only single antibody was found: one (1.8%) patient with Anti-Fya, three (5.5%) patients with Anti-Fyb, two (3.6%) patients with Anti-M, and one (1.8%) patient with Anti-S. This study reflects the recent frequencies and distributions of unexpected antibodies in Daejeon, which would be helpful for the efficient preparation for transfusions.
Keywords : Anti-E antibody, Anti-Lea/-Leb antibody, Anti-E/-c/-Jkb antibody, Preparation for blood transfusion, Unexpected antibody

September 2018, 50 (3)
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