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Prospective Supply and Demand of Medical Technologists in Korea through 2030
Korean J Clin Lab Sci 2018;50:511-524  
Published on December 31, 2018
Copyright © 2018 Korean Society for Clinical Laboratory Science.

Youngho Oh

Center for Health Care Research, Department of Health Care Policy Research, Korea Institute for Health & Social Affairs, Sejong, Korea
Correspondence to: Youngho Oh
Center for Health Care Research, Department of Health Care Policy Research, Korea Institute for Health & Social Affairs, Building D (Sejong national research complex), 370 Sicheong-daero, Sejong 30147, Korea
Tel: 82-44-287-8202 Fax: 82-44-287-8062 E-mail: ohyho@kihasa.re.kr
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to provide policy recommendations for manpower planning by forecasting the supply and demand of Medical Technologists. Supply was estimated using an in-and-out movement method with a demographic method based on a baseline projection model. Demand was projected according to a demand-based method using the number of clinicopathologic examinations taken for Medical Technologists. Over- or undersupply of Medical Technologists will depend on the productivity scenario and assumptions and ultimately on governmental policy direction. In other words, whether the production of Medical Technologists is higher or lower than the current level depends on the government policy to consider insurance finances. In this study, we assessed 'productivity scenario 3’ based on the productivity as of 2012, when the government's policy direction was not considered. Based on the demand scenario using the ARIMA model, the supply of Medical Technologists is expected to be excessive. This oversupply accounts for less than 10% of the total and therefore should not be a big problem. However, given that the employment rate of Medical Technologists is 60%, it is necessary to consider policies to utilize the unemployed. These measures should expand the employment opportunities for the unemployed. To this end, it is necessary to strengthen the functions of laboratories in the public health center, to increase the quota of Medical Technologists, to assure their status, to establish a permanent inspection system for outpatient patients, and to expand the export of Medical Technologists overseas.
Keywords : Demand-based methods, Health workforce policy, Medical Technologist, Projection, Supply and demand


December 2018, 50 (4)
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