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Table 6.

Laboratory specialists in the EU

Countries Physician (%) Pharmacist (%) Scientist (%)
Germany 67.7 0 32.3
Italy 33.9 1.7 64.4
Netherlands 8.1 1.8 90.1
France 27.0 73.0 0
Portugal 42.9 57.1 0
Spain 28.6 61.2 10.2
Sweden 54.7 0 45.3*
UK 28.6 0 71.4

Abbreviations: EU, European Union; UK, United Kingdom.

*Biomedical Analyst (No formalized specialist training; Bachelor’s degree). Biomedical Scientist (Academic training; Master’s degree).

Source: Oosterhuis WP, Zerah S. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2015;53:5-14. [3]

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